Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 in Mhow Nagar Military Camp, located in Madhya Pradesh. His father’s name was Ramji Maloji Sakpal and mother’s name was Bhimabai. Bhimrao Ambedkar was the 14th child of his parents. His family belonged to the Marathi country, who believed in the Kabir Panth. He was a Dalit who was considered untouchable in India at that time, due to which he had to go through social and economic situations and had to bear discrimination. At the time when child marriage was prevalent in India, at that time, at the age of 15, 9-year-old girl Ramabai was married.
At that time, Bhima was studying in the fifth grade. He had to face untouchability and other difficulties due to his lack of care, his childhood name was Bhiva, and his teacher’s name was Krishna Mahadev Ambedkar, who loved Bhimrao very much, who removed Bhimrao’s Ambedvekar with the simple surname ‘Ambedkar ‘ added up. Since then, he is known as Ambedkar. Bhimrao came to Mumbai with his father Ramji Sakpal.
Start of education of Bhimrao Ambedkar
Bhimrao Ambedkar took admission in the first class of English on 7 November 1900 at the Government High School located at Rajwada Chalk in Satara city of Maharashtra. His academic life started from this day itself. When he passed the fourth-grade examination, his name was inscribed on the serial number -1914. After passing the fourth grade, his family friend and writer gifted him a ‘biography of Buddha’, which he learned for the first time by learning Gautama Buddha and Buddhism. His secondary education, in 1879, he received further education at Government High School, located on Elphinstone Road. After passing the matriculation examination in 1907, he got admission in Elephanton College, which was related to the University of Bombay.
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In 1912, he obtained a B. A degree and started working with the Government of Baroda State. Bhimrao Ambedkar moved to the United States in 1913 at the age of 22 where he was given 11.50 per month by the State of Baroda for three years to provide educational opportunities at Columbia University located in New York City under a scheme established by Sayajirao Gaikwad. Dollar Scholarship was awarded. He settled there at Livingstone Hall with Parsi friend Naval Bhatena. In 1915, he passed his Arts M. A examination. He presented research on the subject of Asian Indian Commerce for post-graduation. Ambedkar was impressed by John Dewey and his work on democracy.Similarly, in 1916, he received his PhD in Economics for the second research and the third research work, Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India. In 1916 he moved to London and took admission in the Barrister’s course [law studies] as well as the London School of Economics there.
Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar received his D.Sc. degree from Economics in 1923. Later, while returning to London after completing his studies in India, Bhimrao Ambedkar stayed for 3 months in Germany where he continued his economics studies at Van University but due to lack of time he was more in university His third and fourth doctorates could not last for long (LL.D., Columbia University, 1952 and D.L.D. Maniya University, 1953) were respected degrees.
Battle of Babasaheb’s struggle against untouchability
Bhimrao Ambedkar had an incident with him due to low caste from childhood. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar had said that untouchability is worse than slavery. Bhimrao Ambedkar was educated state by state by the princely state of Baroda. He was raised by the military secretary of Maharaja Gaikwad but due to caste discrimination, he had to leave this job in a short time. Chinki Bhimrao Ambedkar was a Dalit family man so his first organized It was tried that the central institute is to set up a Bahishktarini Sabha which aims at education and social education. The welfare of the boycott referred to as Depressed Classes was accompanied by the promotion of economic reform. Baba Saheb Bhimrao Ambedkar was appointed by the European members in 1925 to work on the Simon Commission in the Bombay Presidency Committee. In the context of the appointment of the Simon Commission, protests of caste started taking place all over India.
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In 1927, Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar started a broad and active movement against untouchability by opening public resources of drinking water to all sections of society, through public movements, satyagrahas and districts, as well as allowing untouchables to enter Hindu temples Struggled to get the right to do. It is believed that in the city of Mahad, even the untouchable community got the right to take water from the Chavdar pond. In 1930, Bhimrao Ambedkar started the Kalaram temple Satyagraha movement after 3 months. After starting the Kalaram temple movement, 15,000 volunteers gathered there, which is the biggest process in Nashik. When he reached the gate, the door was closed by Brahmin officials. Went because the Brahmins considered Bhimrao Ambedkar as untouchable and with them Dalit society also considered untouchable.
Baba Saheb’s political life
Amar’s political career started in 1926 and he held different positions in the political sphere till 1956 when the Governor of Mumbai nominated him as a member of the Mumbai Legislative Council in December 1926. Took duties seriously and often gave speeches on economic matters.
After the independence of India, when the new government came under the leadership of the Congress, Ambedkar was elected as the first Law and Justice Minister of the country, which he accepted. On 29 August 1927, Ambedkar was appointed to the post of the chairman of the drafting committee of the constitution for the creation of the new constitution of independent India. Ambedkar was a wise constitutional expert and studied the constitution of nearly 60 countries. Ambedkar is called the father of the Constitution of India. When the Indian Constitution prepared by Ambedkar was completed, Grenville Austin described him as the most important social document to describe it. Ambedkar argued for comprehensive economic and social rights for women and supported the assembly to introduce a system of reservation of jobs in civil services schools and colleges for members of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes, which was positive The action was. The constitution was adopted on 26 November 1949 by the Constituent Assembly after writing the constitution.
Opposition to Article 370
The state of Jammu and Kashmir was accorded special status after Ambedkar opposed Article 370 of the Constitution of India and was included in the constitution against his wishes. Bhimrao was actually in favour of the Uniform Civil Code but opposed Section 370 in the case of Kashmir.
Baba Saheb Bhimrao Ambedkar died
Ambedkar died on 6 December 1956 at his home in Delhi, after his independence Babasaheb suffered from diabetes, from June to October 1954, he remained very ill and during this period he became weak and was disturbed by political issues and health. After Babasaheb’s death, the last rites were performed in the Buddhist style at Dadar Chowpatty beach in Mumbai on 7 December. And his lakhs of supporters and activists and fans also attended. At the time of his funeral, more than 10 lakh followers of him were witness to Buddhism by Bhadant Anand Kaushaliyan, as Ambedkar had one in Mumbai on 16 December 1956. Had organized a lot of conversion program, after death, his second wife Savita Ambedkar had survived in Ambedkar’s family. A memorial after the death of Dr Sharada Kabir Thabasaheb, the name of his wife was first established at 26 Alipur Road in Delhi and every year more than 2000000 people celebrated their birth anniversary which is celebrated on 14th April on Mahaparinirvana i.e. December 6 And Dhammachakra Parivartan Divas which is celebrated on October 14, Chaitya Bhoomi which is in Mumbai, Deeksha Bhoomi which is in Nagpur and Bhima Janmabhoom Which honey is in the state they are gathered to pay their respects and there went to install thousands bookstore and where it is sold books Babasaheb Ambedkar be educated that message to followers, be organized, do conflict.
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